Casablanca, Morocco, summer 2016. With the constant heat, often exceeding 30 degrees Celsius, garbage could quickly consume the four million inhabitants of the city. As visitors travel through the second-largest city in the Maghrebian region Small hands ensure. That huge quantities of garbage are not pile up on landfills by giving them new opportunities to live.
These women and men belong to a population which Anthropologist Delphine Corteel. As well as sociologist Stephane Le Lay (ERES, 2011) have described as waste workers. Despite their exhausting and demanding work, they remain apathetic from Moroccan society due. To the dirtiness of their work, as well as the way they live in their areas.
They live in the margins of urban areas that are legal as well as in slums and improvised houses. That are frequently destroy and threaten due to real estate or urban development projects. When they working on their streets, the people are frequently victimize by violence. Whether it is perpetrate by police or by the other residents.
The interviews we conducted were with numerous members of this community since the year 2011. Our aim was to prove that people who collect waste. Such as sorters semi-wholesalers and recyclers as well as transporters frequently view their work as a legitimate profession. And believe their work is crucial, particularly considering the fact that environmental issues. Have never been more important in the political agenda.
Three-Quarters Of The Household Heat
Based on our multi-site survey More than three-quarters of the household waste in Casablanca will not be rejected by landfills.
Instead of presenting a picture of adversity and exclusion We would like to present. This community free of the stigma that is often associated with the waste-related activities.
It is located on the outskirts of Casablanca and situated in an area of topographic deformity that is atop a hill, the Lahraouine district is almost inaccessible to the world. Many of the workers reside in nearby douars (slums) in which running water is not available and electricity is provided via electrical generators and illegal wiring.
A number of real estate developments have placed an on city officials to rehabilitate the district and rid of the garbage dumps. Because the waste collection companies don’t own their land and there’s no rehousing program the residents live in the fear of being evicted.
The boar (the word originates of the French word eboueur, which means garbage man) is a man who returns to the city on the same cart that is filled with his regular garbage collection. But the increase in containers that are bury in the wealthy areas of Casablanca restricts access to the waste resources.
Limit Their Heat Work
Most of the time the Bouara (plural for Bouar) must limit their work to the opening of bins in neighbourhoods that are primarily working class. They’re also more accepted within these zones than the central district of the city or middle-upper-class areas. In these areas the latter, police may harass them and even arrest them. They can also take their carts and donkeys.
Gelssas (a term that is derive from the verb gels, which translates to sitting down in darija the language spoken in the Maghreb region) are enclose spaces of various dimensions, surrounded with palisades (metal sheets or boards, tarps or dry waste that create walls) where the bouara collect their harvests after every city tour.
The collection sold according to weight and made up of plastics, cardboards glass, metals, textiles and vegetable waste. These valuable items that have been trade several times, eventually find their way to one of the flea markets in the city (joutiya). There is nothing that could be reuse remains.
The bouaras of Casablanca earns around EUR20 every day, however most of them have to rent their tools (cart or animals) through their managers at EUR2.
There are gelssas that can be utilize for recycling and sorting sites (plastics metal, wood and the rags) that are separate according to the type. Others specialize in a specific material, such as the case with plastic.
Collecting Heat After Sorting
After sorting and collecting after sorting, certain materials must be crush and compact to make them smaller and add value. These materials are then offer to wholesalers from the informal sector as well as to formal sectors via trucks or pick-ups that transport the garbage.
In Lahraouine We haven’t seen many women in the Gelssas. Of the 3,000 active recyclers we estimated most are males in their early 20s. We believed that there were 500-600 women. They are only assign sorting jobs.
The financial crisis in Morocco has resulted in an increase in garbage people in Casablanca.
Waste collectors are in large part from the countryside to get out of the slums of their homes. They are not all from remote villages in the Eastern regions of Casablanca.
Many, particularly youngsters tend to travel and come and go in accordance with the agricultural cycle. About 20% of the agriculture dependent rural population is in poverty or is in danger of becoming poor. These seasonal workers are house by their relatives within the douars in Lahraouine or in sheds that are located inside the gelssas.
The owner of this gelssa has a number of heat waste collectors. He owns several carts that are pull by donkeys or horse and is classify as a middle-income earner.
There is a clear distinction within the recycling industry. The lower levels are the basic bouaras or women who sort their recyclables and earn small incomes. On the other end of the upper range are the top bosses of big gelssas that own at least one truck and plastic crushers.
Gelssas’s managers are familiar about the value and cost of the materials available and stay up-to-date via the internet or mobile phones. They are well-aware of what, where and when to market to reap the most profit from their products.