February 22

House Its Poorest Brazil Must Go Beyond Home Ownership

House Its Poorest Brazil Must Go Beyond Home Ownership

The mayor of Sao Paolo Brazil Fernando Haddad has a lot to complete before. He hand Brazil’s largest city over to the new city’s mayor Joao Doria on Dec. 31st on December 31, 2016. The most urgent thing is adopting his long-debated affordable housing plan.

The city’s housing crisis is particularly affecting the poorest residents. According to the most recent statistics that show at least 13,706 of the city’s most disadvantaged. Households those that earn under three-fifths of the minimum monthly salary of $250 reside in slums or settlements for squatters. Another 53,214 are sharing the housing with other families and 22,297 families live in cramped living conditions.

Affordable housing is an essential element of Mayor Haddad’s master plans of Sao Paulo. Which was applaud during the United Nations Habitat 3 conference. In October due to its emphasis in social urbanism. To address the demands of 1.2 million people who are homeless or insecurely housed residents, the plan demands. The improvement of slums and the granting of the right to land to residents and the demolition of structures. And new construction, and, most importantly rent subsidy.

The bill is schedule to be vote on by the city’s legislature within the next couple of weeks. But if it is approve, there’s not a guarantee that it will put into effect. Doria won the election by pledging to steer his city’s direction in different ways from. His former Workers’ Party counterpart who was the city’s urban development secretary. He has already pledged to improve the housing regulations to make them more appealing to real estate developers.

My Home Brazil My Life, My Struggle

In Brazil the policy of home ownership hasn’t been able to create housing for the nation’s most disadvantaged. Contrary to those in the United States and Europe. Where a large portion of the housing stock was government-own. Rental properties, Brazilian policy favors people purchasing, not renting homes.

Federal Minha Casa Minha Vida programmer My Home My Home was launch in 2009, is design. To help people get a home through high-quality subsidies and monthly instalments that are low. So far, 2.6 million units have been construct

The poorest households are faced with numerous challenges to owning a home. Minha Casa Minha Vida has made it easier to comply with the legal requirements of contracts. Since people who are employed in the informal economy. Typically are unable to provide proof of income and other documents required.

Families who make a meagre incomes from jobs that are not formal such as street vendors. Domestics or street workers might find it equally difficult to remain at home. As per the research of the University of So Paolo’s LabCidade Urban Planning research institute. Poorest-earning Minha Casa Minha Vida beneficiaries have to pay for even lower costs for utilities and condo fees.

Brazil Remain In Their Houses

For the poor who remain in their houses, Minha Casa Minha Vida has accidentally pushed many into urban exile. This LabCidade report found that the majority of the program’s biggest-city units. That are the most affordable are in the suburbs in areas where prices for land are less. This means that many of the most disadvantaged beneficiaries are far from jobs in downtown areas and public transportation.

Homebuyers who choose to purchase homes that are located more centrally in costly cities are often prone to succumbing quickly to pressure on real estate. Sao Paulo real estate prices increased by 153 percent between 2009 and 2012. Many of the beneficiaries sell their properties in indirect transfer of public funds to families that are better off and the most disadvantaged remain in substandard living conditions.

A home-ownership strategy that is affordable home option has the negative of limiting mobility of residents. This means that unemployed or house owners who are not employed are less able to explore jobs, since they’re tied to a certain area for the medium or long-term.

You Have A Roof To Cover Your Head, Or A Roof That You Own?

In order for Brazil to meet the needs of its most vulnerable citizens, it has to complement the home ownership system with other options for accessing housing. Rent subsidies, such as the ones proposed in Haddad’s housing policy are crucial. However, I’m also watching the world for models that are successful that Brazil could copy.

Collective ownership, where residents share ownership of properties as affordable housing model that is popular in Uruguay as well as the other Latin American countries. Co-ops have many advantages for Brazil because of its well-organized housing movement and squatters who have a lot of abandoned buildings throughout the country.

Community-based land trusts, which fund non-profit organizations to construct and oversee housing development for the benefit of a community, can also be beneficial. This model has been effective in providing affordable access to land and housing in the US as well as trials in Kenya as well as elsewhere as per the United Nations.

There are also housing developments. Despite its flaws it is it is a good example of how to build housing. New York City Housing Authority is a great instance of a successful, affordable housing policy. Just having a municipality charged with housing for the public is quite an achievement; Brazil has nothing of such. It also has a system to select tenants, managing finances of public property and, more importantly, allows those with low incomes to reside in high-end neighborhoods.

Mixed Brazil Outcomes According

Sao Paulo does have some expertise in this field, but with mixed outcomes according to my research. In 2002, the city transformed six public housing units which included Parque do Gato Cat’s Park, for people who were unemployed and moved from slums and Vila of Idosos Seniors Village to house retirees.

The former is currently in poor repair. It was not accompanied with a job-training program and around 70 percent of residents are in a position to afford maintenance costs. Seniors Village, on the other hand, is maintained and the retirees fixed incomes have been able to maintain their payments to the current date.

Brazil’s only investment in purchasing real estate to build new homes as a part of its cheap housing strategy has not taken into account the needs of its most disadvantaged citizens and has inflated the real estate market according to a 2014 study, benefiting primarily owners and investors and making it even more difficult for the low-income population to access adequate housing.

If the Mayor-elect Doria doesn’t consider alternatives like full rent subsidies or co-ops, as well as public housing He will fail Sao Paulo by repeating mistakes made by Minha Casa Minha Vida. The government is not a corporation. A city that only cares about efficiency and profits does it at the expense practical solutions to complex problems.

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Posted February 22, 2022 by info in category "Uncategorized