Inside Sweden Housing Crisis Renovation Means Eviction
The housing crisis in Sweden is so severe that people are thinking. Of making use of shipping containers to build apartments. Nine out of the ten Swedes reside in a city experiencing housing shortages.
According to a study conducted recently of Stockholm, the capital city of Stockholm. Over half one million people were waiting. For a house and it took an average of 11 years to obtain one. Recent immigrants including asylum seekers and tech professionals, are especially affect.
From the 60s onwards Sweden was associate since the 1960s with equality, social security. And prosperity and a model of universal housing with strong tenant rights, and high-quality housing standards. What can we do to understand the current scenario?
Between Boom And Bust Sweden
The long-lasting rule of social democratic government, that favored equality of rights. And decent working conditions, has led to extremely good living standards for the country. Following the Second World War, Swedish industry was booming as economic prosperity grew with consumer spending. And led to the substantial improvement in the living conditions.
From 1965 to 1975,, more than a million houses were construct across the country. In the Million Programmer, which saw Swedes get newly built rental housing. This was (and remains) the most popular type of tenure across the country.
However, the last few years have seen an increase in privation. Qhich resulted in the reduction of rental housing available in the country. From 95 percent in the 1950s, to 59% by 2015.
The 1990s saw changes were implemented that resulted in successive privations of housing for the public. Lower construction costs and the gradual elimination of state-funded subsidies in the building market.
In 2011, a new legislation was passed that required public housing providers to work. In accordance with the rules of business, or in terms of making revenue.
The result was that dwellings that were part of the housing stock owned by the public were offered. To tenants or private corporations, in order to earn profits and, at the very most theoretically for the purpose of building new homes and remove the issue of a growing stock.
Six years on from the introduction of the new law rents and prices of homes have risen dramatically. And the affordability crisis in urban areas is escalating.
The privatisation process opened up the way for businesses to make money from renters.
In the more than 650,000 homes constructed between during the 60s, 70s. The issue has been discuss in Sweden for several years since.
Although rents are not able to be increase without a reason that is significant in Sweden as they are collectively negosiate. It is an option for landlords make use of renovations to justify substantial increase.
Rents are able to raise if the remodeling results in improved living conditions (for instance, kitchen and bathroom renovations) in contrast to regular maintenance, landlords employ extensive renovations to generate a money.
Tenants’ consent is require for major renovations. Disputes can be resolve in the courts. In reality, landlords are likely to prevail in nine instances out of the ten.
Renovating homes, in turn causes relocation of those who cannot afford to live there. According to a recently published study by Gothenburg Rent increases by 50% after renovations caused the expulsion of at minimum 30% of tenants.
The current situation for public and private tenants who are unable to pay for huge rents as a result of renovations is astonishment.
Based on calculations made by The National Board of Housing, Building and Planning According to calculations by the National Board of Housing, Building and Planning tenants are more likely to relocate into areas that are less affluent, which contributes to the escalating the racial segregation that exists in Sweden.
Sweden Ikea City
The dramatic results of this policy can in the district of Hagsatra in the southern part of Stockholm. The district built during the 50s and 60s has a population of nearly 10,000.
The only public buildings in the area are a primary school along with a subway station as well as an athletics field. The remainder bought from private investment firms.
In 2012, 1200 houses were transfer in 2012 to Ikano Bostad, owned by the same company that owns IKEA which was the biggest property owner in the region. Hagsatra is refer to as the City of Ikea by some, because the first thing you notice as you exit the subway are the flags flying from Ikano.
The privatisation of homes in Hagsatra was receive with anger from residents in the area, who have rallied to protest against Ikano Bostad. They would like to remain residents of the public housing system and protested against the plans for a renovation program. Rents set to rise by 63 percent in the area; there is no way to know the number of tenants who are likely to be force out.
Assistance Of Urban Activists
A few tenants with the assistance of urban activists are fighting back against what activists and researchers have dubbed renoviction in Hagsatra.
In the year 2016, an empty classroom in Hagsatra was renovate and open for use as an informal meeting place for residents. It was clear that since the facility was not occupy show that tenants were unable to gather and mobilize.
Local officials have on the back on the decision of Hagsatra stated that it was necessary to enhance the protections for tenants under the law in the country.
In 2017, a study order from the Swedish government will be release regarding the enhancement of tenant rights who are facing renovation. For now tenants are waiting for the report to see what happens, and then improvise.